Diabetes: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Things you need to know

Medi Health Center-Diabetes Symptoms

Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the concentration of glucose in the blood, often known as blood sugar, is too high. We get energy from the blood glucose and it comes from the food we consume. The pancreas produces insulin which is a hormone, that enables meals glucose to enter your cells and be utilized for energy.  Your body may not make enough insulin, or it may not use it correctly. Because glucose doesn’t reach your cells and stays in your bloodstream.

Excessive blood glucose might lead to health issues over time. There is no cure for diabetes, but you can take some measures and stay healthy and prevent them from harming you.

Types of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

People who are suffering from Type 1 diabetes should take insulin every day. The body does not produce insulin if you have type 1 diabetes. The immune system destroys and attacks the cells in the pancreas that produces insulin. Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age.

Type 2 Diabetes

This kind occurs when your body either does not sufficient amount of insulin or when your cells do not respond appropriately to insulin. The most common kind of diabetes is diabetes mellitus. It primarily affects people in their 40s and 50s.

Gestational Diabetes

Some women develop this kind throughout their pregnancy period. It normally resolves itself after pregnancy. However, if you have gestational diabetes, then you also have a chance to get Type 2 diabetes in the future.

Prediabetes

This kind of diabetes is the precursor of Type 2. In this type of diabetes, the level of glucose in the blood is generally higher than usual. However, it is not high enough to be identified as Type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes kinds that are less prevalent include:

  • Monogenic diabetes syndromes are rare genetic diabetes forms. Neonatal diabetes and young-onset diabetes are two examples.
  • Diabetes caused by cystic fibrosis is a kind of diabetes that only affects persons who have this condition.
  •  During organ transplantation, HIV/AIDS therapy, or are related with the use of glucocorticoid steroids comes under  Drug or chemical induced diabetes.

Who develops Diabetes? What are the dangers?

The factors that raise your risk vary depending on the kind of diabetes you eventually acquire.

The following are potential causes for Type 1 diabetes:

  • Family history for having Type 1 diabetes.
  • Injuries to the pancreas that is causes by surgery, infection, accident, or tumor.
  • Autoantibodies’ presence occurs when the organ or tissue of your body is attacked by antibodies.
  • Physical tension is causes by illness or surgery.
  • Exposure to viruses-caused diseases.

The following are potential causes for Type 2 diabetes:

  • History of the family.
  • Obesity.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Low HDL cholesterol and high triglyceride.
  • Smoking(Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking).
  • Inactivity in the physical sense.
  • Above 45 years.
  • The person with gestational diabetes or having a kid that weighs more than nine pounds.
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome.
  • History of stroke or heart attack.

The following are potential causes for gestational diabetes:

  • History of the family with Type 2 diabetes.
  • Above 25 years of age.
  • Heavyweight before pregnancy.

What are the Causes of Diabetes?

Possessing too much glucose flowing in your circulation is the risk factor for diabetes, irrespective of nature. The explanation for your elevated blood glucose levels, however, varies based on the kind of diabetes you have.

  • An immune system issue leads to type 1 diabetes. The body attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. Glucose builds up in the bloodstream if you don’t have enough insulin to let glucose into your cells. Genes may also have a role in some cases. The immune system can be assaulted by the virus.
  • Type 2 diabetes and prediabetes are caused by a combination of factors. Insulin does not act properly in your body’s cells, preventing glucose from entering them. Insulin resistance is present in your body’s cells. The pancreas can’t keep up with the demand for insulin and can’t produce enough to counteract the resistance. The level of blood glucose then increases.
  • Gestational diabetes occurs when the placenta produces hormones that make the body’s cells more responsive to insulin throughout the pregnancy. The pancreas is unable to produce sufficient insulin to counteract the resistance. There is an excessive amount of glucose in the circulation.

How can you know if you have diabetes?

Diabetes causes the following symptoms:

  • Feeling thirsty every time.
  • Weak feeling.
  • Hazy vision.
  • Hands and feet getting numb or tingle.
  • Injuries take time to heal.
  • Sudden Weightloss.
  • Urination on regular basis.
  • Unplanned infections.
  •  The mouth becomes dry.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include:

You may get symptoms suddenly over the course of a few weeks or months. Symptoms appear while you’re young, whether you’re a kid, an adolescent, or a young adult. Vomiting, Nausea, or stomach aches, as well as urinary tract infections, are some of the other symptoms.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:

The symptoms of Diabetes type 2 grow slowly over time and You will not detect the symptoms at all at the first. Prediabetes and type 2 diabetes happen to each group but the symptoms normally appear when you are an adult.

Symptoms of Gestational diabetes include:

Gestational diabetes is the symptoms are usually undetectable. During 6 months to 7 months of pregnancy, you may get the symptoms of diabetes.

What is the best way to control diabetes?

Every part of your body is affected by diabetes and to effectively control it you will need to take some actions  to be normal and cause you any harm or risk your life such as :

  • Follow a food plan and use recommended medications to keep the level of the glucose close to normal as feasible.
  • Raising your level of exercise and taking medicine. Maintain as close to normal blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels as feasible.
  • Maintain a healthy blood pressure level. Blood pressure shouldn’t be more than 140/90 mmHg.
  • Following a healthful food plan and managing what you consume. Adopt a Mediterranean diet or the Dash diet. These diets are high in fiber and nutrients, yet low in calories and fats. Take suggestions from your dietitian for assistance with planning your meal and nutrition.
  • Workout on a regular basis. On most days of the week, try exercising for at least half an hour. Take a walk, swim, or engage in another activity that you like.
  • If you have gained weight then you must try to Lose weight. Establish a weight loss strategy with the help of your trainer.
  • Regular taking of medicines and insulin as recommended and according to the doctor.
  • Stop smoking if you smoke frequently.
  • Always keep checking your health and the level of sugar.
  • Maintaining regular contact with the medical professionals and completing laboratory testing as the doctor says.

What is the best way to monitor my blood glucose level? What is the significance of this?

The findings of your blood glucose test can help you make to keep track of your diet and help to know what to eat, how much exercise you should do, and whether or not you need to alter or increase insulin.

A blood glucose meter is the most popular approach to monitor the level of your sugar. You cut the tip of your fingertip, add a drop of blood to a testing kit, put the strip through into the meter, and the meter will display your current level of glucose. Your doctor will advise you how frequently you should check your blood sugar.

What is the optimal blood glucose level?

Inquire with your doctor about the ideal level of glucose in the blood for yourself. They might have a range in mind for yourself. Most people, on the other hand, effort to maintain their level of glucose in blood within the ranges:

  • Must be between the range of 80 and 130 mg/dL well before the meal.
  • Should be less than 180 mg/dL after the two hours commencement of a meal

What is the treatment for diabetes?

Management of diabetes is determined by the kind of diabetes you have, well how your level of glucose in the blood is controlled, and any other medical issues you may have.

  • You must take insulin each day if you have type 1 diabetes. Insulin production by your pancreas has stopped.
  • Type 2 diabetes is treated with drugs (both for diabetes and for illnesses that are risk factors for diabetes), insulin, and lifestyle modifications such as decreasing weight, eating healthier and exercising more.
  •  If you have prediabetes, your objective is to avoid developing diabetes over time. Treatments concentrate on reversible factors associated, including decreasing weight with a healthy diet food and regular exercise. Many diabetes prevention measures are also used to control diabetes.
  • Diabetes during pregnancy If you have this form of diabetes and your blood sugar isn’t too high, changing your diet and exercising regularly may be your first line of defense. Your health professional may prescribe medicine or insulin if the desired goal is not attained or if your glucose level is excessively high.

Is it possible to die from diabetes?

Yes, if diabetes is left undetected and unmanaged, it has the potential to cause serious harm to your health. Diabetes can lead to heart failure, heart attack, stroke, coma, renal failure, among other complications. You might die as a result of these consequences. In individuals with diabetes, cardiovascular disease is the major cause of mortality.

What effect does COVID-19 have on a diabetic person?

Though diabetes does not raise your chance of getting COVID-19, and when you do, you are often more likely to develop severe consequences. As your body works to eliminate the infection, your level of blood sugars is likely to rise if you get COVID-19. If you become infected with COVID-19, Omicron Variant, notify your healthcare provider as soon as possible.

Conclusion

Certain varieties of diabetes, such as type 1, are caused by circumstances beyond your control. Others, like type 2 diabetes, can be avoided by making better eating choices, increasing physical exercise, and losing weight.

While you’re at risk, get your blood sugar checked and follow your doctor’s recommendations for blood sugar management.

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